IPyvolume is a Python library to visualize 3d volumes and glyphs (e.g. 3d scatter plots), in the Jupyter notebook, with minimal configuration and effort. It is currently pre-1.0, so use at own risk. IPyvolume’s volshow is to 3d arrays what matplotlib’s imshow is to 2d arrays.

Other (more mature but possibly more difficult to use) related packages are yt, VTK and/or Mayavi.

Feedback and contributions are welcome: Github, Email or Twitter.

Quick intro


For quick resuls, use ipyvolume.volume.quickvolshow. From a numpy array, we create two boxes, using slicing, and visualize it.

import numpy as np
import ipyvolume
V = np.zeros((128,128,128)) # our 3d array
# outer box
V[30:-30,30:-30,30:-30] = 0.75
V[35:-35,35:-35,35:-35] = 0.0
# inner box
V[50:-50,50:-50,50:-50] = 0.25
V[55:-55,55:-55,55:-55] = 0.0
ipyvolume.quickvolshow(V, level=[0.25, 0.75], opacity=0.03, level_width=0.1, data_min=0, data_max=1)

Scatter plot

Simple scatter plots are also supported.

import ipyvolume
import numpy as np
x, y, z = np.random.random((3, 10000))
ipyvolume.quickscatter(x, y, z, size=1, marker="sphere")

Quiver plot

Quiver plots are also supported, showing a vector at each point.

import ipyvolume
import numpy as np
x, y, z, u, v, w = np.random.random((6, 1000))*2-1
quiver = ipyvolume.quickquiver(x, y, z, u, v, w, size=5)

Built on Ipywidgets

For anything more sophisticed, use ipyvolume.pylab, ipyvolume’s copy of matplotlib’s 3d plotting (+ volume rendering).

Since ipyvolume is built on ipywidgets, we can link widget’s properties.

import ipyvolume.pylab as p3
import numpy as np
x, y, z, u, v, w = np.random.random((6, 1000))*2-1
selected = np.random.randint(0, 1000, 100)
quiver = p3.quiver(x, y, z, u, v, w, size=5, size_selected=8, selected=selected)

from ipywidgets import FloatSlider, ColorPicker, VBox, jslink
size = FloatSlider(min=0, max=30, step=0.1)
size_selected = FloatSlider(min=0, max=30, step=0.1)
color = ColorPicker()
color_selected = ColorPicker()
jslink((quiver, 'size'), (size, 'value'))
jslink((quiver, 'size_selected'), (size_selected, 'value'))
jslink((quiver, 'color'), (color, 'value'))
jslink((quiver, 'color_selected'), (color_selected, 'value'))
VBox([p3.gcc(), size, size_selected, color, color_selected])

Try changing the slider to the change the size of the vectors, or the colors.

Quick installation

This will most likely work, otherwise read Installation

pip install ipyvolume
jupyter nbextension enable --py --sys-prefix ipyvolume
jupyter nbextension enable --py --sys-prefix widgetsnbextension

For conda/anaconda, use:

conda install -c conda-forge ipyvolume
pip install ipywidgets~=6.0.0b5 --user


Ipyvolume is an offspring project from vaex. Ipyvolume makes use of threejs, and excellent Javascript library for OpenGL/WebGL rendering.

Indices and tables